Sustainable Urban Drainage System (SUDS)
 

Sustainable Urban Drainage System (SUDS) is a concept that includes long term environmental and social factors in decisions about drainage. It takes account of the quantity and quality of runoff, and the amenity value of surface water in the urban environment (Figure 1). Many existing urban drainage systems can cause problems of flooding, pollution or damage to the environment and are not proving to be sustainable.

Figure 1: The Urban Drainage Triangle - Balancing the Impact of
Urban Drainage on the Environment (CIRIA,2000)

SUDS are made up of one or more structures built to manage surface water runoff. They are used in conjunction with good management of the site, to prevent flooding and pollution. There are four general methods of control which are filter strips and swales, filter drains and permeable surfaces, infiltration devices, wetlands, basins and ponds. The controls should be located as close as possible to where the rainwater falls, providing attenuation for the runoff.  They also provide varying degrees of treatment for surface water, using the natural processes of sedimentation, filtration, adsorption and biological degradation.  The surface water management train (Figure 2) addresses the runoff quantity and quality at all stages of the drainage system (CIRIA, 2000). 

Figure 2: Surface Water Management Train (CIRIA,2000)

Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) is a pilot project in Malaysia (Lee et al. 2007; USM 2005) that applies the concept of the surface management train (Ab. Ghani et al. 2004).  The components of BIOECODS include ecological swales (source control), dry ponds and wet pond (site control), and detention pond (regional control).  For further water quality treatment purpose, an offline constructed wetland is provided at the downstream end (Ayub et al. 2005).  Several other similar projects have also been carried out recently by the Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) Malaysia and the Public Works Department.  More SUDS projects are expected to be carried out under 9th Malaysian Plan (2006-2010) in line with aspiration of Malaysia to become a developed nation in 2020.

  

References:

Ab. Ghani, A., Zakaria, N.A., Abdullah, R., Mohd Sidek, L., Lau, L.T., Yusof, M.F., Wong, L.P., Ayub, K.R., & Chang, C.K. (2004). Application of Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) in Malaysia, Contract Research No. JPS (PP)/SG/1/2000, Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Malaysia.

Ayub, K. R., Mohd Sidek, L., Ainan, A., Zakaria, N. A., Ab. Ghani, A. & Abdullah, R. (2005). Storm water Treatment using Bio-Ecological Drainage System,  International Journal River Basin Management, IAHR, Vol. 3, No.3, pp. 215-221.

 

CIRIA. (2000). Sustainable Urban Drainage System - Design for England and Wales, Report C522.

 

Lee, L.M.,  Abidin, Masrah.,  Dzulkifli, A.R.,  (2007). Kampus Sejahtera Kampus Lestari, The Genesis For A Sustainable Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia. <Download>

 

Universiti Sains Malaysia or USM (2005). The Regional Workshop on Education for Sustainable Development <Download>

 

Liew, Y.S., Selamat, Z., Ab. Ghani, A. & Zakaria, N.A. (2012). Performance of A Dry Detention Pond: Case Study of Kota Damansara, Selangor, Malaysia, Urban Water Journal, pp. 1-8. <Download><Website>

 

 

Malaysian Standard for Urban Stormwater Management:

i. Part 1: Design Acceptance Criteria <Download>

ii. Part 2: Quantity Design Fundamentals <Download>

iii. Part 3: Quality Design Fundamentals <Download>

iv. Part 11: Water Quality Ponds and Wetlands <Download>

v. Part 12: Erosion and Sediment Control <Download>

 

Related Article:

1. Free Flow - Reaching Water Security Through Cooperation <Download>

2.

 

Videos:

 

Projects:

 Project Title :

Application of Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) in Malaysia

 Funder/Client : Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) Malaysia
 Status : Completed
 Duration : 01st August 2000 - 31st May 2004

Click here for more details

 

MOSTE

 Project Title :

Hydraulic Capacity of Ecological Drainage System                      (IRPA 09-02-05-1034 EA 001)

 Funder/Client : Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MOSTE)
 Status : Completed
 Duration : 01st April 2002 - 30th Sept 2005

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

Development of Soil Classification With Respect to Infiltration Capacity for Major Cities in Malaysia                                  (IRPA 09-02-05-1031 EA 001)

 Funder/Client : Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MOSTE)
 Status : Completed
 Duration : 01st April 2002 - 30th Sept 2005

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

Development of Forensic Wad at Bahagia Hospital, Ulu Kinta, Ipoh, Perak

 Funder/Client : Ministry of Health Malaysia
 Status : Completed
 Duration : 2004

Click here for more details


 Project Title :

BIOECODS at Taiping, Perak

 Funder/Client : Ministry of Health Malaysia
 Status : Completed 
 Duration : 2005

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

Detailed Design of Rehabilitation of Ex-Mining Pond and Existing Wetland for Integrated Stormwater Facilities

 Funder/Client : Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) Malaysia
 Status : Completed
 Duration : 2005

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

Stormwater Management and Drainage Masterplan Study for the Town of Tanah Merah, Kelantan

 Funder/Client : Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) Malaysia
 Status : Completed
 Duration : 1st August 2007 - 31st December 2009

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

Preparation of Design Guides for Erosion and Sediment Control in Malaysia

 Funder/Client : Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) Malaysia
 Status : Completed
 Duration : 15th September 2008 - 14th  December 2009

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

The Hydraulic Resistance and Stability of Vegetation in Swale

 Funder/Client : PRGS Grant
 Status : Completed
 Duration : October 2009 - October 2012

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

Self-Cleansing Urban Drainage System with the use of Sediment Flushing Gate

 Funder/Client : PRGS Grant
 Status : On Going
 Duration : 15 September 2011 - 14 September 2014

Click here for more details

 

 Project Title :

Feasibility and Practicality of Green Roof for Stormwater Management in Malaysia

 Funder/Client : Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation (MOSTI) under Science Grant
 Status : On Going
 Duration : Nov 2014 April 2017

Click here for more details

 

Postgraduate Research:
 

Name Status Supervisor Title
1

Lariyah Mohd Sidek (Ph.D.)

2005

Prof. Dr. Engr. Kaoru Takara
Prof. Dr. Aminuddin Ab. Ghani
Dr. Hj. Mohd Nor Desa

Bioelogical Drainage System (BIOECODS) For Effective Stormwater Control In The Tropics <abstract>

2 Anita Ainan (M.Sc.) 2003

Prof. Dr. Aminuddin Ab. Ghani
Prof. Dr. Nor Azazi Zakaria

An Evaluation of BIOECOLOGICAL Drainage System as an Application of Urban Storm Water Management in Malaysia <abstract>
3 Baharuddin Ahmad Nasir (M.Sc.) 2008

Prof. Dr. Aminuddin Ab. Ghani
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rozi Abdullah

Peak Flow Attenuation using Dry Pond for Existing Housing Schemes <abstract>
4

Asnol Adzhan Abd Manap

(P-REM0007) (M.Sc.)

2009

Prof. Dr. Aminuddin Ab. Ghani
Prof. Dr. Nor Azazi Zakaria

Efficiency of Swale and Dry Pond for Stormwater Management <abstract>
5

Liew Yuk San

(S-REM0008)  (M.Sc.)

2009

Prof. Dr. Aminuddin Ab.Ghani
Prof. Dr. Nor Azazi Zakaria

Performance of Urban Stormwater Drainage System through Dry Detention Pond (Case Study: Kota Damansara, Selangor) <abstract>
6 Shahnisfanizam Yaacob
(P-WM0033/08)
(M.Sc.)
2010 Dr. H Md Azamathulla Prediction of Scour Below Submerged Pipeline Crossing A River Using Genetic Programming
7 Rozaini Ramli
(P-WM0032/08)
(M.Sc.)
2009 Dr. Lai Sai Hin Determination of Soil Erodibility, K Factor For Malaysian Soil Series
8 Noor Azma Lui
(P-WM0028/08)
(M.Sc.)
2009 Dr. Lai Sai Hin Performance of Sustainable Urban Drainage System (SUDS) In Storm Water Management : A Case Study
9 Mohd Azlan Mohd Yusoff
(P-WM0026/08)
(M.Sc.)
2009 Dr. H Md Azamathulla The Performance of REDAC USM Gross Pollutant Trap

 

 

 

[Back]