Project Title: Application of Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) in Malaysia
 

Funder: Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID), Malaysia

 

Duration: August 2000 - May 2004

 

 

 

 

 

Researchers::

Prof Dr. Nor Azazi Zakaria <redac01@eng.usm.my>
Prof. Dr. Aminuddin Ab. Ghani <
redac02@eng.usm.my>

Dr. Lau Tze Liang <celau@eng.usm.my>

Mohd Fazly Yusof <redac07@eng.usm.my>

Khairul Rahmah Ayub <redac03@eng.usm.my>

Chang Chun Kiat <redac10@eng.usm.my>

Syafiq Shaharuddin <redacsyafiq@eng.usm.my>

 

International Collaborator:

Prof. Larry A. Roesner, Colorado State University, Fort Collins <Larry.Roesner@colostate.edu>

 

National Collaborators:

Dr. Lariyah Mohd. Sidek, Universiti Tenaga Nasional <lariyah@uniten.edu.my>
Anita Ainan, DID Malaysia <anita@water.gov.my
>

 

 

Project Report:

 

The final report consists of four volumes and a monograph as stated below: :

 

Executive Summary (ISBN : 983-3067-11-5)

Volume I: Concepts, Design and Construction (ISBN : 983-3067-12-3)

Volume II: Data Collection and Assessment (ISBN : 983-3067-13-1)

Volume III: Publications (ISBN : 983-3067-14-X)

Guideline: BIOECODS Design (ISBN : 983-3067-15-8)

 

 

Project Summary:

 

The Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) is a pilot project that meets the requirement of Urban Storm Water Management Manual for Malaysia (MSMA). BIOECODS is designed for both water quantity and quality controls. BIOECODS was constructed at Engineering Campus, University Science Malaysia, Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang and completed in December 2002. BIOECODS forms an alternative to storm water management practice and is designed as an environmentally-friendly system based on “Control-at-Source” concepts. The objectives of this pilot project are:

 

  • Infiltration of stormwater from building, road and other impermeable areas
  • Flow retardation of stormwater runoff
  • Stormwater treatment  

The components of BIOECODS systems are ecological grassed swales, dry ponds and an ecological pond consisting of wetpond, detention pond, wetland, wading river and recreational pond. Three types of ecological swales were constructed namely Type A, Type B and Type C depending on the number of modules available underneath the swale. Stormwater runoff is conveyed by ecological swales and dry ponds to wet pond, detention pond and finally wetland for further treatment. The end product is expected to improve the aesthetic values of the USM Engineering Campus with the existence of the “Crystal Clear Blue Water Lake” at the downstream end of the system.
 


Selected Publications:

Zakaria, N.A., Ab. Ghani, A., Abdullah, R., Mohd Sidek, L. & Ainan, A. (2003). Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) For Water Quantity And Quality Control, International Journal of River Basin Management, International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (IAHR), Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 237-251.  ISSN 1571-5124 <download>

Mohd Sidek, L.,Takara, K., Ab. Ghani, A., Zakaria, N.A. & Abdullah, R. (2004).  Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS): An Integrated Approach for Urban Water Environmental Planning, in A. Abdullah, N. Okada., and M.K. Yusoff (Eds.), Water Environmental Planning, pp. 539-567, International Islamic University Malaysia. ISBN: 983408725X.

Ab. Ghani, A., Zakaria, N.A., Abdullah, R., Yusof, M. F., Mohd Sidek, L., Kassim, A. H. & A. Ainan. (2004). Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS): Concept, Design and Construction. 6th International Conference on Hydroscience and Engineering (ICHE-2004), May 30-June 3, Brisbane, Australia.  ISBN: 0937099120  <download>

Abdullah, R., Zakaria, N.A., Ab. Ghani, A., Mohd Sidek, L., Ainan, A. & Wong, L.P.(2004). BIOECODS Modelling Using SWMM. 6th International Conference on Hydroscience and Engineering (ICHE-2004), May 30-June 3, Brisbane, Australia.  ISBN: 0937099120  <download>

Ainan, A., Zakaria, N.A., Ab. Ghani, A., Abdullah, R., Mohd Sidek, L., Yusof, M. F. & Wong, L.P. (2004). Peak Flow Attenuation Using Ecological Swale and Dry Pond. 6th International Conference on Hydroscience and Engineering (ICHE-2004), May 30-June 3, Brisbane, Australia.  ISBN: 0937099120 <download>

Ayub, K. R., Mohd Sidek, L., Ainan, A., Zakaria, N. A., Ab. Ghani, A. & Abdullah, R. (2005). Storm water Treatment using Bio-Ecological Drainage System, International Journal of River Basin Management, IAHR, Vol. 3, No.3, pp. 215-221.  ISSN 1571-5124 <download>

Ab. Ghani, A. & Zakaria, N.A. (2005). Case Study: The Bio-Ecological Drainage System Project, Malaysia, in: J. Parkinson and O. Mark,  Urban Storm water Management in Developing Countries, pp. 116-120, International Water Association (IWA). ISBN: 1843390574 <download>

Ayub, K.R., Zakaria, N.A., Abdullah, R. & Ramli, R. (2010). Water Balance : Case Study of A Constructed Wetland As Part of the Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS), Water Science & Technology (WST), pp. 1931-1936, DOI: 10.2166/wst.2010.473 <download>

Osman, O., Ibrahim, K., Koshy, K. & Abustan, I. (2013). A Use-Inspired Approach to Sustainable Water Management, International Cooperation on Water Sciences and Research, pp. 291-294 <download>


Download
:
 

Format Title Download

BIO-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS): Concept, Design and Construction. (2007) <4611Kb>

BIO-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS): Multimedia. (2007) <29672Kb>

BIO-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS): Wading River (2010) <7Mb>

 

 

 
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