Trichogaster pectoralis  USM Engineering Campus

Snakeskin gourami or Sepat Siam

(source: fishbase, Compiled by SSK)

Trichogaster  pectoralis   
 Family:  Belontiidae (Gouramies)
 Order:  Perciformes
 Class:  Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
 FB  name: Snakeskin gourami
 Max. size:  25.0 cm TL
 Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater; pH range: 6.0 - 8.3; dH range: 2.0 - 3.0 ; depth range - 4 m
 Climate: tropical; 23 - 28°C; 20°N - 22°S
 Importance:  fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Asia: Mekong basin in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam; also Chao Phraya basin  Introduced elsewhere and at least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 7-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 9-12; Anal soft rays: 33-38. Dorsal fin with short spines and long soft rays. Caudal fin slightly emarginate. First soft ray of pelvic fins prolonged into a tentacle extending posteriorly to hind margin of caudal fin. Body with numerous dark oblique cross bands which are not always distinct; presence of irregular black stripe from eye to middle of caudal fin base (Ref. 43281).
 Biology:  Found in shallow sluggish or standing-water habitats with a lot of aquatic vegetation. Occurs in flooded forests of the lower Mekong and gradually moves back to rivers and Great Lake as floodwaters recede (Ref. 12693). Generally feeds on aquatic plants. Can breathe air directly, as well as absorb oxygen from water through its gills. The flesh is of good quality; may be grilled or used for fish soup. In Thailand there is a trade of dried pla salid for the benefit of people in areas where it is not caught . Cultured both for food and for export as aquarium fish . Marketed fresh
 Red List Status: Not in IUCN Red List  ,
 Dangerous:  potential pest
 Main Ref:  Rainboth, W.J.. 1996. (Ref. 12693)