Chanos chanos in USM Engineering Campus

Milk Fish

(source: fishbase)

Chanos chanos 
 Family: Chanidae
 Order: Gonorynchiformes
 Class: Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes)
 FB name: Milkfish
 Max. size: 180 cm SL (male/unsexed; Ref. 9710); 124 cm SL (female); max. published weight: 14.0 kg (Ref. 9814); max. reported age: 15 years
 Environment: benthopelagic; catadromous (Ref. 51243); freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 30 m
 Climate: tropical; 15 - 43<C; 40<N - 40<S
fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; bait: usually
 Distribution: Indo-Pacific: along continental shelves and around islands, where temperatures are greater than 20<c. Red Sea and South Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesas, north to Japan, south to Victoria, Australia. Eastern Pacific: San Pedro, California to the Galapagos.
 Morphology:  Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-17; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8-10; Vertebrae: 46. Superficially resembles bonefishes but by evolution more advanced by having 4 branchiostegal rays (Ref. 1602). Jaws toothless (Ref. 12693).

A marine species which enters estuaries and rivers (Ref. 52331). Adults occur in small to large schools near the coasts or around islands where reefs are well developed. Eggs and larvae are pelagic up to 2-3 weeks. Older larvae migrate onshore and settle in coastal wetlands (mangroves, estuaries) during the juvenile stage, or occasionally enter freshwater lakes. Juveniles and sub-adults return to sea where they mature sexually. Spawns only in fully saline water. Larvae eat zooplankton; juveniles and adults eat cyanobacteria, soft algae, small benthic invertebrates, and even pelagic fish eggs and larvae. Larvae are collected from rivers and are grown in culture ponds into juveniles, which are marketed fresh, smoked, canned and frozen. Brood stocks can be raised and spawned in captivity to produce larvae in the hatchery (Ref. 12868). Can thrive and grow in water as hot as 32?C (Ref. 9987).

 Dangerous: harmless
 Main Ref: Bagarinao, T.. 1994. (Ref. 9814)